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Help with Theory

This page has general theory on, look at the grading page for what you need to learn for each belt level.

Links

You may find the following sites useful for learning and testing yourself on your theory:

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HED Taekwondo

A TAGB site which has a multi-choice quiz, goes up all the Dan grades.

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Do Taekwondo

Has a fun matching game to test your theory knowledge.  Not a TAGB club, so there may be some differences in their syllabus and the spelling is very different.

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Black Belt Schools

For a Korean quiz. 

This is from a TAGB club.

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White Tiger TKD

A good selection of terminology

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Theory Book

If you have lost your theory book, you can purchase a new one for just £4.  Just let us know.

Basic Stances

Which Kup am I?

Infographic showing which Taekwondo Kup you are

Meanings of Belt Colours

Daventry Tigers - White Belt Meaning
Daventry Tigers - Green Belt Meaning
Daventry Tigers - Red Belt Meaning
Daventry Tigers - Yellow Belt Meaning
Daventry Tigers - Blue Belt Meaning
Daventry Tigers - Black Belt Meaning

What does Taekwondo mean?

What does Tae kwon do literally mean

Know your sections

Whilst it may be easier to remember Kaunde is middle section, do you get mixed up with high and low section?  They are very similar sounding.

Infographic to help remember Najunde and Napunde

Know your Tenets

Tenets on a slide-show

What is a Tenet?

what is a tenet

Pattern Meanings

Coloured Belt Patterns

Chon Ji - 19 moves Chon Ji means Heaven and Earth. In the Orient, it is seen as creation of the world or beginning of hum​an history. Therefore it is the first pattern played by the beginner. It consists of two similar parts, one representing Heaven and the other the Earth.

Dan Gun - 21 moves Dan Gun is named after the Holy Dan Gun, legendary founder of Korea in the year 2333 BC.

Do San - 24 moves Do San is the pseudonym for the patriot An Chang Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements in the pattern represent his whole life, which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.

Won Yo - 28 moves Won Yo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty of Korea in the year 686 AD.

Toi Gye - 37 moves Toi-Gye is the pseudonym of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th Century AD), an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 degrees latitude, and the diagram represents the scholar.

Yul Gok - 38 moves Yul Gok is the pseudonym of the great philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536-1584 AD) nicknamed the Confucius of Korea. The 38 movements in the pattern refer to his birthplace on 38 degrees latitude and the diagram represents Scholar.

Joon Gun - 32 moves Joon Gun is named after the patriot An Joong Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bimo-Ito, the first Japanese Governor-General of Korea, who played a leading part in the the Korea-Japan merger. The 32 movements in the pattern represent Ahn Joong Gun’s age when he was executed at Lui-Shung prison in 1910.

Hwa Rang - 29 moves Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty about 600 A.D. This group became the driving force for the unification of the three kingdoms of Korea. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division where Tae Kwon Do was developed into maturity.

Choong-Moo - 30 moves Choong Moo was the name given to the great admiral Yi Soon Sin of the Yi dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) which was the precursor of the present day submarine, in 1592 A.D. The reason why this pattern ends in a left hand attack is to symbolise his regrettable death having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king.

Black Belt Patterns

1st Dan patterns

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Kwang Gae - 39 moves The pattern Kwang-Gae Is named after the famous Kwang-Gae-To-Wang, 19th King of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram (+) represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory.

Po-Eun - 36 moves Po-Eun is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu (1400) who was a famous poet and whose poem "I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times" is know to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty.

Ge-Baek - 44 moves Ge-Baek is named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 AD). The diagram represents his severe and strict military discipline.

2nd Dan patterns

Ko Dang - 39 moves Ko-Dang is the pseudonym of the patriot Cho Man Sik who dedicated his life to the independence movement and education of his people. The 39 movements signify his times of imprisonment and his birthplace on the 39th parallel.

Eui-Am - 45 moves Eui-Am is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the Korean independence movement on March 1, 1919. The 45 movements refer to his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly way religion) in 1905. The diagram represents his Indomitable Spirit, displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation.

Choong-Jang - 52 moves Choong Jang is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Lee Dynasty, 14th century. This pattern ends with a left-hand attack to symbolize the tragedy of his death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach full maturity.

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Ko Dang - 39 moves Ko-Dang is the pseudonym of the patriot Cho Man Sik who dedicated his life to the independence movement and education of his people. The 39 movements signify his times of imprisonment and his birthplace on the 39th parallel.

Eui-Am - 45 moves Eui-Am is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the Korean independence movement on March 1, 1919. The 45 movements refer to his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly way religion) in 1905. The diagram represents his Indomitable Spirit, displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation.

Choong-Jang - 52 moves Choong Jang is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Lee Dynasty, 14th century. This pattern ends with a left-hand attack to symbolize the tragedy of his death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach full maturity.

Sam-Il - 33 moves Sam-Il denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea which began throughout the country on March 1, 1919. The 33 movements in the pattern stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement.

Yoo-Sin - 68 moves Yoo-Sin is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, a commanding general during the Silla Dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 A.D., the year Korea was united. The ready posture signifies a sword drawn on the right rather than left side, symbolizing Yoo Sin's mistake of following his Kings' orders to fight with foreign forces against his own nation.

Choi-Jong - 46 moves Choi-Yong is named after General Choi Yong, premier and commander in chief of the armed forces during the 14th century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism, and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders headed by general Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first King of the Lee Dynasty.

Tong-Il - 56 moves Tong-Il denotes the resolution of the unification of Korea which has been divided since 1945. The diagram symbolises the homogenous race

Ul-Ji - 42 moves Ul-Ji is named after general Ul-Ji Moon Dok who successfully defended Korea against a Tang's invasion force of nearly one million soldiers led by Yang Je in 612 A.D. Ul-Ji employed hit and run guerrilla The 42 movements represent the author's age when he designed the patterntactics, was able to decimate a large percentage of the force. The 42 movements represent the author's age when he designed the pattern. The diagram represents his surname.

Se-Jong - 24 moves Se-Jong is named after the greatest Korean King, Se-Jong, who invented the Korean alphabet in 1443, and was also a noted meteorologist. The 24 movements refer to the 24 letters of the Korean alphabet. The diagram represents the King.

3rd Dan patterns

Sam-Il - 33 moves Sam-Il denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea which began throughout the country on March 1, 1919. The 33 movements in the pattern stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement.

Yoo-Sin - 68 moves Yoo-Sin is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, a commanding general during the Silla Dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 A.D., the year Korea was united. The ready posture signifies a sword drawn on the right rather than left side, symbolizing Yoo Sin's mistake of following his Kings' orders to fight with foreign forces against his own nation.

Choi-Jong - 46 moves Choi-Yong is named after General Choi Yong, premier and commander in chief of the armed forces during the 14th century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism, and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders headed by general Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first King of the Lee Dynasty.

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4th Dan patterns

Se-Jong - 24 moves Se-Jong is named after the greatest Korean King, Se-Jong, who invented the Korean alphabet in 1443, and was also a noted meteorologist. The 24 movements refer to the 24 letters of the Korean alphabet. The diagram represents the King.

Tong-Il - 56 moves Tong-Il denotes the resolution of the unification of Korea which has been divided since 1945. The diagram symbolises the homogenous race

Ul-Ji - 42 moves Ul-Ji is named after general Ul-Ji Moon Dok who successfully defended Korea against a Tang's invasion force of nearly one million soldiers led by Yang Je in 612 A.D. Ul-Ji employed hit and run guerrilla The 42 movements represent the author's age when he designed the patterntactics, was able to decimate a large percentage of the force. The 42 movements represent the author's age when he designed the pattern. The diagram represents his surname.

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